Nano-Space Online

Fabric is a woven or knitted material made of interlaced fibers or threads. Fabrics are usually used for manufacturing garments or other goods of mass production, as well as for engineering purposes. Fabrics can be made of natural or artificial (man-made) fibers. Natural fibers are of plant or animal origin; the most common ones are cotton, linen, silk, and wool. Artificial fabrics consist of synthetic fibers derived from various types of polymers. The most well-known synthetic fibers are nylon and polyester. Electron microscopy is a method of choice for studying complex-structured materials, e.g., textiles and fabrics. Electron microscopy allows using a broad range of magnifications to study fabrics at different levels: from the material’s general structure to the microstructure of separate fibers. The versatility of electron microscopy helps understand and characterize the structure and surface of materials and fibers. This information is necessary to engineer fabric-based composite materials, e.g., fabric-based laminate. More detail...