Nano-Space Online

Integrated circuit (IC) is an electronic device containing an array of electronic components: transistors, diodes, capacitors, etc., that are fabricated on one semi-conductor substrate (wafer). All IC elements are fabricated in one technological cycle, ensuring scalability of production. Integrated circuit production is a multi-stage process frequently based on the method of lithography. Electronic devices of almost any complexity can be created using integrated circuits, due to the fact that an IC can contain billions to tens of billions of electronic components. More detail...